Sub-tropical, with trade winds from the Caribbean Sea.
The island has a year-round temperature of approximately 80°F (27°C).
Language: English is the predominate language in the island, however the official language on the St Maarten side is Dutch, and is officially French on the St. Martin side. French Creole, Spanish, Papiamento and other languages are also spoken.
41,000 people live on St Maarten and 36,000 on St Martin for a combined total of 77,000.
Currency (Dutch St Maarten):
Netherlands Antilles florin (NAf); the official exchange rate is NAf 1.77 for each US$1.00 U.S. dollar.
(French St. Martin):
The official monetary unit is the euro.
(Dutch St Maarten):
110-volt AC, 60 cycles (same as U.S. & Canada)
(French St. Martin): 220-volt AC, 60 cycles (requires the use of adapters and transformers)
St Maarten Medical Center in Cay Hill and L'hospital General de Gaulle in Marigot, St Martin. Airlift is available to Puerto Rico and the continental U.S. in case of extreme medical emergency.
Animals are admitted temporarily to the island with the following papers: a health certificate dated no more than 10 days before visit and a record of inoculations, including a rabies shot administered no more than 30 days before visit.
Princess Juliana International Airport (Dutch St Maarten) services all the international flights. L'Espérance Airport (French St Martin) services small commuter flights from neighboring islands.
Main deep-water port: Dr. A.C. Wathey Cruise & Cargo Facility located in Philipsburg, St Maarten.
Calls to St Maarten/St Martin from the U.S. are international calls and require the following country codes:
- Dutch St Maarten: +1 721 followed by 54 and the seven-digit local number
- French St Martin: +590, 590 again followed by the six-digit local number
Time: Atlantic Standard Time, year-around
Entry Requirements: Valid U.S. or Canadian Passport
Driving: International driver's license
Taxis: Available at airports, towns and resort areas